Performing server administration as a non-root user is a best practice. For security, your first task when deploying a Fedora instance at Vultr is to create a non-root user with sudo access. This guide applies to the following versions:
Please see Introduction to doas on OpenBSD if you prefer to use
doas instead of
Install the binary
sudo package. Choose option 1 unless you know why you need another package.
# pkg_add sudo quirks-3.187 signed on 2020-05-19T14:41:48Z Ambiguous: choose package for sudo a 0: <None> 1: sudo-1.8.31 2: sudo-1.8.31-gettext 3: sudo-1.8.31-gettext-ldap Your choice: 1 sudo-1.8.31: ok
Create a new user account for use with sudo, and set the password.
# useradd -m example_user # passwd example_user Changing password for example_user. New password: Retype new password:
The wheel group limits who can use
su to become root.
# user mod -G wheel example_user
Check the sudoers file with
Look for the wheel group. Remove the comment if the line is disabled. It should look like this when you are ready to save the file.
# Uncomment to allow people in group wheel to run all commands # and set environment variables. %wheel ALL=(ALL) SETENV: ALL
Save and exit vi. Type ESC, then :WQ, then ENTER.
Note: The visudo utility performs syntax checking before committing your edits to the file. A malformed sudoers file can break your system. Never edit /etc/sudoers directly. For example, if you make an error, you'll see this when exiting visudo.
visudo: >>> /etc/sudoers: syntax error near line 64 <<< What now? Options are: (e)dit sudoers file again e(x)it without saving changes to sudoers file (Q)uit and save changes to sudoers file (DANGER!)
Switch to the new user.
# su - example_user
Verify you are the new user with whoami, then test sudo access with sudo whoami, which should return root.
$ whoami example_user $ sudo whoami [sudo] password for example_user: root
The new user account is ready to use. As a best practice, use this sudo user for server administration. You should avoid using root for maintenance tasks.