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MediaWiki is the same open-source software that powers Wikipedia, a premier Web 2.0 application.
MediaWiki can be used to build collaborative content on the web. Its design is quite versatile, making it well suited as a knowledge base, documentation hub, or even a news site. You don't need to be a web designer to create premium content, thanks to the built-in "wikitext" format.
With Vultr's Marketplace app, you're ready to start test-driving MediaWiki's extensive feature list. In addition to content management, MediaWiki supports:
* Easy navigation
* Create, edit, and format content
* File uploads
* Embedding images
* Linking content
* Access control with user management
* Discussion between users
If a DNS name has been registered and configured for this instance, replace the instance's IP address with the configured name in the below steps. See our instructions to bypass the HTTPS warning for self-signed SSL/TLS certificates if a Commercial or Let's Encrypt SSL/TLS certificate is not going to be installed (instructions for both options are below) and can be completed prior to completing the installation of MediaWiki.
Once the instance has finished booting and installing the required software, navigate to https://use.your.ip/mw-config/ to complete the MediaWiki installation process.
1.The installation assistant will prompt for the following information:
* Username: userMediaWiki Administrator User
* Password: MediaWiki Administrator Password
2. Select desired language settings and click Continue:
3. Input the following Upgrade key into the text box and click Continue:
Upgrade Key: MediaWiki Upgrade Key
4. Click Continue on the next page titled "Welcome to MediaWiki!"
5. Ensure the checkbox is selected to Use the same account as for installation for the Database Settings page:
6. Complete the form on the page titled "Name" by providing the Name of the wiki, a namespace for the wiki, and administrator account information.
* Reference the
help links for further information on the specific fields and the purposes of that information, along with choosing whether or not to:
* Subscribe to a mailing list containing release announcements
* Allow data from this installation to be sent to the developers of MediaWiki
* The last section allows for the installation to be completed with default values for the remainder of the process by selecting "I'm bored already, just install the wiki."
* Click Continue
7. Click Continue on the next page titled "Install"
8. The installation will now complete and indicate the status of various steps needed throughout the process. Click Continue.
9. It is not necessary to download, modify, and upload the
LocalSettings.php configuration file.
It is now possible to access https://use.your.ip/ if a DNS name has not already been registered and configured to point to the instance's IP address.
File uploads are disabled by default. To enable this functionality, connect as the root user and run:
sed -i -e '/^\$wgEnableUploads/s/false/true/' /var/www/html/LocalSettings.php
Cockpit control panel is accessible via https://use.your.ip:9080/:
* Credentials are the same as provided on the Server Information page
If you use the Vultr Firewall, make sure to allow access to port 9080.
Cockpit can be disabled by connecting as the root user and running:
# systemctl disable --now cockpit.socket
PHPMyAdmin is accessible via https://use.your.ip/mysqladmin/:
* Username for both security modal and logging in: pmauserPHPMyAdmin Username
* Password for security modal: PHPMyAdmin htaccess modal Password
* Password for logging in to PHPMyAdmin: PHPMyAdmin Password
To access the server with a domain name, instead of use.your.ip, it is possible to register a domain name from a domain registrar, and either follow the registrar's documentation on updating DNS records, or utilize Vultr's DNS.
Certbot is installed by default on Vultr's MediaWiki Marketplace app. If you need to update or reinstall, please see the recommended installation steps at eff.org.
The below example shows installing multi-domain certificate for the bare or root domain of
example.com as well as the fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) of
www.example.com. The email provided is used for registering an account with Let's Encrypt and is not sent to Vultr:
# certbot --nginx --redirect -d www.example.com -d example.com -m email@example.com --agree-tos --no-eff-email
Upon successfully requesting certificates, a message should be shown that includes text similar to the following:
Successfully deployed certificate for www.example.com to /etc/nginx/conf.d/mediawiki_https.conf
Congratulations! You have successfully enabled HTTPS on https://www.example.com
(Optional) To update the Cockpit Control Panel to use the same certificate, a script is available to be invoked via:
In case a certificate issued by Let's Encrypt via
certbot is to be revoked, or otherwise needs to be uninstalled, these steps should be followed:
1. Back up current web server configuration files:
# cp -r /etc/nginx /root/nginx
2. Revoke the certificate:
# certbot delete
3. Restore default web server configuration:
If a commercial certificate is desired instead of the free Let's Encrypt certificate, install the public certificate as
/etc/nginx/ssl/server.crt and the private key as
/etc/nginx/ssl/server.key. Refer to the certificate vendor's documentation for any further details. Once these files are in place, reboot the server to ensure all services are using the correct certificate:
While strongly discouraged, it is possible to disable HTTPS access by running the following:
# mv /etc/nginx/conf.d/mediawiki_https.conf /root/; reboot
To access the MariaDB (MySQL) database server, connect as the root user via console or SSH and run:
# mysql -u root
The root password is located in the configuration file
Logs for the database server can be viewed with:
# journalctl -eu mariadb.service
After connecting as the root user via console or SSH as the
root user, the following scripts can be invoked to assist in configuration tasks.
To reset the NGINX web server configuration to its original settings, use:
Our support team may request OS and MediaWiki version information, which can be obtained via:
Certbothas been utilized to generate Let's Encrypt certificates) :