Joomla is known as a top player among CMS applications. Joomla was initially released in 2005 as a fork from Mambo. Since then, Joomla has received regular updates, and has seen explosive growth. It currently powers millions of websites.
The benefit to using a CMS is that it requires little technical skill to manage your content. This makes Joomla a great choice for building many types of websites, including (but not limited to):
* Corporate web sites
* Blogs and magazines
* E-commerce applications
* Personal or community web sites
Being an open source application, Joomla also has a strong userbase. It is easy to extend Joomla's capabilities by visiting the Extensions Directory. Need an updated look? There are plenty of communities around the web that specialize in Joomla templates.
To view the publicly accessible instance, visit https://use.your.ip/. See our instructions to bypass the HTTPS warning for self-signed SSL/TLS certificates if a Commercial or Let's Encrypt SSL/TLS certificate is not going to be installed (instructions for both options are below).
Once the instance has finished booting and installing the required software, navigate to https://use.your.ip/installation to complete the Joomla installation process. The installer will prompt for login credentials and database settings, which are as follows:
* User: userInstall User
* Password: Install Password
* Database User: juserDatabase User
* Database Password: Database Password
* Database Name: jdbDatabase Name
The database type should be "MySQLi", and the randomly generated default table prefix should be sufficient for most installations.
Once the installation is complete, access the Administration interface by visiting https://use.your.ip/administrator.
Cockpit control panel is accessible via https://use.your.ip:9080/:
* Credentials are the same as provided on the Server Information page
If you use the Vultr Firewall, make sure to allow access to port 9080.
Cockpit can be disabled by connecting as the root user and running:
# systemctl disable --now cockpit.socket
PHPMyAdmin is accessible via https://use.your.ip/mysqladmin/:
* Username for both security modal and logging in: pmauserPHPMyAdmin Username
* Password for security modal: PHPMyAdmin htaccess modal Password
* Password for logging in to PHPMyAdmin: PHPMyAdmin Password
XHProf Performance Analysis panel can be accessed via https://use.your.ip/xhprof/xhprof_html/:
* Username for security modal: xhprofuserXHProf htaccess modal Username
* Password for security modal: XHProf htaccess modal Password
To access the server with a domain name, instead of use.your.ip, it is possible to register a domain name from a domain registrar, and either follow the registrar's documentation on updating DNS records, or utilize Vultr's DNS.
Once DNS has finished propagating, and the registered domain name resolves to use.your.ip, connect to the server via console or SSH as the
Certbot is installed by default on Vultr's Joomla Marketplace app. If you need to update or reinstall, please see the recommended installation steps at eff.org.
The below example shows installing multi-domain certificate for the bare or root domain of
example.com as well as the fully-qualified domain name (FQDN) of
www.example.com. The email provided is used for registering an account with Let's Encrypt and is not sent to Vultr:
# certbot --nginx --redirect -d www.example.com -d example.com -m email@example.com --agree-tos --no-eff-email
Upon successfully requesting certificates, a message should be shown that includes text similar to the following:
Successfully deployed certificate for www.example.com to /etc/nginx/conf.d/joomla_https.conf
Congratulations! You have successfully enabled HTTPS on https://www.example.com
(Optional) To update the Cockpit Control Panel to use the same certificate, a script is available to be invoked via:
In case a certificate issued by Let's Encrypt via
certbot is to be revoked, or otherwise needs to be uninstalled, these steps should be followed:
1. Back up current web server configuration files:
# cp -r /etc/nginx /root/nginx
2. Revoke the certificate:
# certbot delete
3. Restore default web server configuration:
If a commercial certificate is desired instead of the free Let's Encrypt certificate, install the public certificate as
/etc/nginx/ssl/server.crt and the private key as
/etc/nginx/ssl/server.key. Refer to the certificate vendor's documentation for any further details. Once these files are in place, reboot the server to ensure all services are using the correct certificate:
While strongly discouraged, it is possible to disable HTTPS access by running the following:
# mv /etc/nginx/conf.d/joomla_https.conf /root/; reboot
To access the MariaDB (MySQL) database server, connect as the root user via console or SSH and run:
# mysql -u root
The root password is located in the configuration file
Logs for the database server can be viewed with:
# journalctl -eu mariadb.service
After connecting as the root user via console or SSH as the
root user, the following scripts can be invoked to assist in configuration tasks.
To reset the NGINX web server configuration to its original settings, use:
Our support team may request OS and Joomla version information, which can be obtained via:
Certbothas been utilized to generate Let's Encrypt certificates) :
Report an application with malicious intent or harmful content.