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Setup Subversion (SVN) Repositories on Debian/Ubuntu

Last Updated: Tue, Sep 23, 2014
Debian Linux Guides Ubuntu
Archived content

This article is outdated and may not work correctly for current operating systems or software.

Install required packages

We are going run SVN under xinetd for low resource usages.

apt-get install xinetd subversion

Create svn user

adduser --system --home /var/svn --disabled-password --disabled-login --group svn

Create your first repository

svnadmin create /var/svn/repositories

Run following commands to insert settings into /var/svn/repositories/conf/svnserve.conf

cat >/var/svn/repositories/conf/svnserve.conf <<EOF
[general]
anon-access = none
auth-access = write
password-db = passwd
authz-db    = authz

[sasl]
EOF

Edit /var/svn/repositories/conf/passwd to add user and password.

Insert:

[users]
YOUR_USERNAME = YOUR_PASSWORD

Edit /var/svn/repositories/conf/authz to modify user permission.

Example:

[/]
YOUR_USERNAME = rw

[/example.com]
YOUR_USERNAME = rw
other = r</pre>

Note: r = read only; rw = read & write

Run following commands to create a xinetd configuration file for Subversion at /etc/xinetd.d/svnserve

cat >/etc/xinetd.d/svnserve <<EOF
service svn
{
        port        = 3690
        socket_type = stream
        protocol    = tcp
        wait        = no
        user        = svn
        server      = /usr/bin/svnserve
        server_args = -i -r /var/svn/repositories
}
EOF

Restart xinetd, and you are done.

/etc/init.d/xinetd restart

Final Check

Make sure Subversion is running using following command:

netstat -ant | grep ':3690'

You should see something like this if Subversion is running:

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:3690            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN

Remember to open port 3690 if you have firewall installed.

You can now access your Subversion repository using svn://YOUR_HOST/ from any SVN client.

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