Installing Nginx on FreeBSD

Published on: Wed, Oct 15, 2014 at 3:34 pm EST
BSD Web Servers

Update/Install FreeBSD Port Tree

If this is from a fresh installation (and not a CustomISO), then you will likely need to install the port tree. Providing that you have one already, it can be updated by using the following command:

portsnap fetch extract

This may take a few minutes to download, but once it has finished, you will be able to move on to the next step.

Upgrade pkg

To install the ports that were recently downloaded, you will need to upgrade pkg. Run the following command to upgrade pkg:

cd /usr/ports/ports-mgmt/pkg
make reinstall

Once this has finished, you may run the following command to clean the directory of any temporary files:

make clean

Installing Nginx

Similar to the previous step, you will need to run the following commands to configure, compile, and install Nginx.

cd /usr/ports/www/nginx
make config-recursive

You will get a configuration pop up and when you do may want to choose the following: HTTP_GZIP_STATIC, HTTP_SSL, HTTP_DAV_EXT. It may be desirable to enable other modules to be compiled with Nginx. Any of the next pop-ups can be left at the default. Now run the following commands to install Nginx.

make install

Once the installation is complete, you can run the following to clean up the directory from any files created by this step:

make clean 

Configure Autostart

To make nginx start on boot of your server, edit /etc/rc.conf. You can edit this file by running ee /etc/rc.conf. Alternatively, you could use nano. Nano can be installed by running pkg install nano.

In /etc/rc.conf add nginx_enable="YES" to the end of the file. Once this is done, you may proceed to the next step.

Starting Nginx

To start nginx, you may run either:

service nginx start

or

service nginx onestart

Upon success. You should see output similar to the following format:

Performing sanity check on nginx configuration:
nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful
Starting nginx.

To verify that Nginx is configured properly, you can navigate to your IP address in a web browser. Navigate to http://0.0.0.0 (Change IP accordingly). Upon success, you will see the "Welcome to Nginx!" page.

Nginx can be further configured in /usr/local/etc/nginx/.

The default Nginx pages, such as "Welcome to Nginx!" are located in /usr/local/www/nginx/.

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