Joomla! is a popular content management system (CMS) written in PHP. It is the second most popular CMS behind Wordpress. As of 2017, about 3.3% of all sites on the internet use Joomla! as their CMS. This guide shows how to install Joomla! on Ubuntu 16.04 on a LAMP stack.
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Install the Apache web server.
apt-get install apache2
Joomla! runs on top of a LAMP stack. We will need to install MySQL and link it to PHP.
apt-get install mysql-server php7.0-mysql
You will be prompted for a MySQL password. Enter a safe root password.
Complete the MySQL installation by executing,
When asked for a password, enter the MySQL password you just created. Continue through the installation process.
Would you like to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD plugin? [Y/N] N Change the root password? [Y/N] N Remove anonymous users? [Y/N] Y Disallow root login remotely? [Y/N] Y Remove test database and access to it? [Y/N] Y Reload privilege tables now? [Y/N] Y
Joomla! requires PHP to be installed. Execute the following command to install PHP 7.0 and some required PHP modules.
apt-get install php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mcrypt php7.0-xml php7.0-curl php7.0-json php7.0-cgi
PHP will be installed.
In order to confirm that the LAMP installation was successful, open a web browser and navigate to your server's IP address. You should see the "Apache2 Ubuntu Default Page" page.
In order to confirm that PHP was successfully installed, remove the default page:
Create a new file:
And enter sample PHP code such as:
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Navigate to your server in a browser. You should see a page with information about your PHP installation, confirming that PHP has been installed successfully.
Now remove the
Once you have successfully installed the LAMP stack, you can proceed with installing Joomla!. Navigate to your Apache web server's root and download Joomla!.
cd /var/www/html wget https://downloads.joomla.org/cms/joomla3/3-7-5/Joomla_3-7.5-Stable-Full_Package.zip
Install unzip to be able to unzip the downloaded archive.
apt-get install unzip
Unzip the downloaded Joomla! archive.
Activate the .htaccess file by renaming it.
mv htaccess.txt .htaccess
Set the appropriate file permissions,
chown -R www-data.www-data /var/www/html chmod -R 755 /var/www/html
Before proceeding with the installation you will need a MySQL database for Joomla!. Enter the MySQL console.
mysql -u root -p
Enter the root password you created in Step 2 to proceed. Once you are logged in to the MySQL console, create a new database for Joomla!..
mysql>CREATE DATABASE joomla;
Create a new user and grant it privileges to the Joomla! database. You can replace
password with the username and password of your choice.
mysql>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES on joomla.* to 'username'@'localhost' identified by 'password'; mysql>FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Exit the MySQL console.
Restart the Apache web server,
systemctl restart apache2
Open a browser and navigate to your server's IP. You will see the Joomla! web interface. Continue through the installation process. In the Database Configuration section, you must enter the MySQL username, password and database you created in Step 6. In this case it would be,
Database Type: MySQLi Host Name: localhost Username: username Password: password Database Name: joomla Table Prefix: joomla_ Old Database Process: Remove
Once you have entered the data, click 'Next' and continue with the installation process. Your Joomla! installation is complete!