Joomla! is a CMS that's relatively easy to use and is a very nice alternative to WordPress. As of 2015, about 2.8% of all sites on the internet use Joomla! as their CMS. In this guide we'll see how to install Joomla! on Ubuntu with a LAMP stack (using the Apache web server).
Step 1: Installing Apache
Update your repository list first:
Then, install the Apache web server:
apt-get install apache2
Step 2: Installing MySQL
We will install MySQL for databases and
php5-mysql so that PHP can communicate with MySQL.
apt-get install mysql-server libapache2-mod-auth-mysql php5-mysql
Give your MySQL
root user a safe password.
Finish the installation by executing:
root password that you just created.
Use the following settings to be ensured that your MySQL installation is secured:
Change the root password? [Y/n] n Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MySQL!
Step 3: Installing PHP
PHP is required to use Joomla!. Install it with
apt-get install php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mcrypt
PHP is now installed.
Step 4: Confirming the installation of LAMP
Confirm that Apache was installed successfully by entering the IP of your server in your browser. You will see the "Apache2 Ubuntu Default Page" page.
In order to confirm that PHP was successfully installed, remove the default page:
Create a new file:
And enter sample PHP code such as:
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Enter your server IP in your browser again. You will now see a page with output like:
PHP Version 5.5.12-2ubuntu4.6
This is a page with information about your PHP installation. PHP is working if you see this page. Now remove your
Step 5: Installing Joomla! files
Joomla! requires a number of files to be downloaded that are needed to use the CMS. Go to the folder
/var/www/html and download Joomla!:
cd /var/www/html wget https://github.com/joomla/joomla-cms/releases/download/3.4.3/Joomla_3.4.3-Stable-Full_Package.zip
unzip if you don't have it installed yet:
apt-get install unzip
Unzip the Joomla! files:
.htaccess file active by renaming it:
mv htaccess.txt .htaccess
Step 6: Creating a Joomla! database
You will need to create a MySQL database where Joomla! can store its data. In order to do this, go to MySQL:
mysql -u root -p
In this command,
-u is the name of the MySQL user and
-p specifies that you need to be authenticated with a password.
Create a new user:
CREATE USER 'joomla'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
This reads that
joomla should be the username of your new MySQL user and
password will be its password. For example, if you would like the name of the user to be
cms and the password to be
CREATE USER 'cms'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'test123';
Grant privileges so this user will be able to use your database:
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON * . * TO 'cms'@'localhost';
cms is the username of the MySQL user that you just created.
Make sure your changes are active right away, so type:
Now create a database:
CREATE DATABASE joomla;
joomla with the database name.
exit to exit the shell.
Step 7: Installing Joomla!
Go to your server IP in your browser. You will now see the Joomla! installation process.
Enter your website name, and other miscellaneous info. Once entered, click "Next".
Database Configuration section, you'll need to enter the username, password, and database name you've just created. In my case, this would be:
Database Type: MySQLi Host Name: localhost Username: cms Password: test123 Database Name: joomla Table Prefix: this can be anything you like. For example: cms_ or joomla_ Old Database Process: Remove
Click "Next" after confirming the data you have entered is correct.
Congrats! You have now installed Joomla!.