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Based on FreeBSD 6, FreeNAS is an operating system that can be installed and used as a platform to store and share data over a network. FreeNAS uses ZFS to protect, store, and backup all the data stored on it.
Custom ISOin the
Note: While enabling Private Networking is completely optional, it is recommended that you enable it in case you wish to use FreeNAS with instances within the same Vultr location, which allows you to securely transmit data over the private network without consuming your public network’s bandwidth.
As the instance boots up, the ISO will load all the necessary files for the installation process to begin in the same manner any other OS installer does. The GRUB window will load a screen with the following options:
Option #1 is selected by default. The next step is to hit
The next screen will ask you to select the volume on which FreeNAS should be installed. The options should be: * vtbd0 Unknown Device — 150.0 GiB * vtbd1 Unknown Device — 50.0 GiB * vtbd2 Unknown Device — 50.0 GiB * vtbd3 Unknown Device — 50.0 GiB * vtbd4 Unknown Device — 50.0 GiB Note: The above options would display if you are using an 8 GB Vultr Compute instance and 4 50 GiB Block Storage Volumes.
You will need to select
vtbd0 as it is always the first Volume. The instructions on the screen advises that you select the volume with the spacebar. Next, make sure that
OK is highlighted, then hit
The next screen will show a warning that all data on
vtbd0 will be erased. There is also a note that installing on a flash media is preferred. However, in a virtual environment, installing on a hard drive is perfectly Okay.
As you hit
Enter to proceed with the installation, you will be asked to enter the root password for your server. Please note that the root password will be used to login to the FreeNAS Web Interface and can be changed at any time after the installation is completed.
Next, FreeNAS will detect DHCP networking automatically and will determine the IP Address to use. At this point, all you need to do is allow the installer some time to finish.
Once the process is completed, and it usually takes 2 to 5 minutes, you will see a screen stating the following:
The FreeNAS installation on vtbd0 succeeded!
Please reboot an remove the installation media.
Before you hit
Enter, find your instance in the Vultr control panel, click on
Settings, then click
Change OS, and then click
Remove ISO. Removing the ISO will reboot the instance, thus allowing the FreeNAS installation to finalize.
The next step would be to monitor FreeNAS initializes in your instances VNC console. This process will take approximately 5 minutes. Once completed, you will see a screen presenting the following options:
This is when you know that FreeNAS is ready to use. You will also be presented with the URL to use to login to FreeNAS.
_Note: All these options are accessible from the FreeNAS interface. You can learn more about all these options from the FreeNAS Documentation.
rootand the password you entered during the installation process.
Volume Layoutsection, use the the draggable slider to select the number of drives to use.
RaidZfor RAID5 or
The volume creation process will take a few minutes to complete depending on the number of drives and the total size of the volume.
You now have a fully functional FreeNAS Server that is ready to use.