Installing Bolt CMS on CentOS 7

Published on: Fri, May 25, 2018 at 11:26 am EST
CMS CentOS Linux Guides Server Apps

Bolt is an open source CMS written in PHP. Bolt's source code is hosted on GitHub. This guide will show you how to install Bolt CMS on a fresh CentOS 7 Vultr instance.

The steps in this tutorial were written for Bolt 3.4.9, but will likely work on newer versions as well.

Requirements

Make sure your server meets the following requirements.

  • PHP 5.5.9 or higher
  • The following common PHP extensions:
    • pdo
    • mysqlnd (to use MySQL as a database)
    • pgsql (to use PostgreSQL as a database)
    • openssl
    • curl
    • gd
    • intl (optional but recommended)
    • json
    • mbstring (optional but recommended)
    • opcache (optional but recommended)
    • posix
    • xml
    • fileinfo
    • exif
    • zip
  • SQLite, MySQL or PostgreSQL database
  • Apache with mod_rewrite enabled or NGINX

Before you begin

Check the CentOS version.

cat /etc/centos-release
# CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core)

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoe
usermod -aG wheel johndoe
su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo yum update -y

Install required and useful packages.

sudo yum install -y wget vim unzip bash-completion

Disable SELinux.

sudo setenforce 0

Step 1 - Install PHP, required PHP extensions, MySQL/MariaDB and NGINX

CentOS does not provide the latest PHP versions in its default software repositories. We'll need to add a Webtatic YUM repo. Instructions for adding the Webtatic repo are in this Vultr guide.

Install PHP 7.2 and required PHP extensions.

sudo yum install -y php72w php72w-cli php72w-fpm php72w-mbstring php72w-zip php72w-mysql php72w-pgsql php72w-sqlite3 php72w-curl php72w-simplexml php72w-common php72w-gd php72w-intl php72w-json php72w-opcache php72w-xml php72w-zip php72w-common php72w-process

Check the PHP version.

php --version

PHP 7.2.2 (cli) (built: Feb  4 2018 10:14:07) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies

Install NGINX.

sudo vim /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx_mainline.repo

# Copy/paste this to the /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx_mainline.repo file

[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=https://nginx.org/packages/mainline/centos/7/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1

wget https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
sudo rpm --import nginx_signing.key
rm nginx_signing.key

sudo yum install -y nginx

Check NGINX version.

nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.13.9

Start and enable NGINX.

sudo systemctl enable nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service

Install MariaDB.

sudo vim /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

# Copy/paste this to the /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo file

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = https://yum.mariadb.org/10.2/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

sudo yum install -y MariaDB-server MariaDB-client

Check the MariaDB version.

mysql --version
# mysql  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.2.13-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1

Start and enable MariaDB.

sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service

Run the mysql_secure_installation script to improve the security of your MariaDB installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Create a database for Bolt and remember the credentials.

mysql -u root -p
# Enter password:

CREATE DATABASE dbname;
GRANT ALL ON dbname.* TO 'username' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit

Step 2 - Configure NGINX

Run sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/bolt.conf and populate it with the following text.

server {
  listen [::]:80;
  listen 80;

  server_name example.com;

  index index.php index.html;
  root /var/www/bolt/public;

  location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
  }

  location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
    try_files /index.php =404;
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(/.*)$;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
    fastcgi_param HTTPS $https if_not_empty;
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    include fastcgi_params;
  }
}

Test the NGINX configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload NGINX.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Step 3 - Download and install Bolt CMS

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/bolt

Change ownership of the /var/www/bolt directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/bolt

Navigate to the document root.

cd /var/www/bolt

Download the latest stable release of Bolt CMS from the command line.

wget https://bolt.cm/distribution/bolt-latest.zip

Unzip Bolt CMS, remove the downloaded zip file and move the Bolt CMS files and directories to /var/www/bolt.

unzip bolt-latest.zip
rm bolt-latest.zip
mv bolt-v3.4.9/* bolt-v3.4.9/.* .  # Just press enter on warning
rmdir bolt-v3.4.9/

To finish the installation, you will need to rename the following files:

mv .bolt.yml.dist .bolt.yml
mv composer.json.dist composer.json
mv composer.lock.dist composer.lock
mv src/Site/CustomisationExtension.php.dist src/Site/CustomisationExtension.php 

Change ownership of the /var/www/bolt directory to nginx.

sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/bolt

Run sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf and set the user and group to nginx.

sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
# user = nginx
# group = nginx

Restart php-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

Open your domain/IP in the web browser and follow the Bolt CMS installation wizard. Bolt uses SQLite database by default. If you want to use another supported database, you can configure it in the app/config/config.yml file. After that, you will have Bolt installed on your CentOS 7 server. To access Bolt's administrative interface, append /bolt to your IP/domain.

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