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Install MariaDB on Ubuntu

Last Updated: Fri, Nov 27, 2020
MySQL and MariaDB Quickstart Guides Ubuntu

Introduction

This Quickstart guide explains how to install MariaDB on a Vultr Ubuntu cloud server. The guide applies to Ubuntu 16.04 through Ubuntu 20.10 LTS. MariaDB is a drop-in replacement for MySQL.

1. Deploy Ubuntu Server

Change to your sudo user for the remaining steps.

2. Install MariaDB

  1. Install MariaDB, a drop-in replacement for MySQL.

    $ sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client -y
    
  2. Enable MariaDB to start on boot.

    $ sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service
    
  3. Secure the database. Answer all the security questions as shown.

    $ sudo mysql_secure_installation
    
    • Initially, there is no password for root. Press ENTER.

      Enter current password for root (enter for none):
      
    • Press ENTER to enter a new password.

      Set root password? [Y/n]
      
    • Enter and confirm a root password for MariaDB.

      New password:
      Re-enter new password:
      Password updated successfully!
      
    • Press ENTER to remove the anonymous user.

      Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
      
    • Press ENTER to disallow remote root logins.

      Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]
      
    • Press ENTER to remove the test database.

      Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]
      
    • Press ENTER to reload the privilege tables.

      Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
      

    This completes the basic security configuration.

3. Test

  1. Connect to the database as root.

    # mysql -u root -p -h localhost
    
  2. Create a test user.

    > CREATE USER 'test_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'test_pass';
    
  3. Create a test database.

    > CREATE DATABASE test_database;
    
  4. Grant the test user privileges on the test database.

    > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON test_database.* TO 'test_user'@'localhost';
    
  5. Exit the database client.

    > quit
    

Conclusion

You have successfully installed MariaDB on a Vultr Ubuntu cloud server. For more information, see the official MariaDB documentation.

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