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Install HTMLDoc on Ubuntu 18.04

Published on: Fri, Apr 19, 2019 at 11:41 am EST

Introduction

HTMLDoc will dynamically parse Postscript (PDF 1.6) documents from correctly written Hypertext (HTML 3.2). In this tutorial, you will learn what is needed to install HTMLDoc on Ubuntu 18.04.

Once HTMLDoc has been installed, we shall continue by creating a simple one-page document, with no headers, footers, borders or extras. In essence, an HTML template capable of taking advantage of the entire printable area of a PDF document.

Preparing Ubuntu 18.04 (x64) for HTMLDoc

For this tutorial, we will be working with Vultr’s Ubuntu 18.04 (x64) server with IPv4. Keep in mind, this works the same with IPv6 only servers as well. First things first, we need to check for updates for installed packages, more so considering most all distributions of Linux are not configured to install security patches or system updates automatically. Furthermore, installing updates to the software, as well as the kernel itself, is always advised, especially when dealing with a new installation.

Now, we need to check to see if there are any updates or upgrades available for your system:

apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y

We can now install HTMLDoc:

apt-get install htmldoc -y

You are now ready to start generating PDF documents from HTML markup.

Generating Your First PDF from HTML

Let’s quickly test this newfound capability from the command-line. Move over to the /tmp/ directory for testing:

cd /tmp/

Now, let’s create a simple HTML document, which we will use to generate a PDF document. We can call it markup-source.html:

nano markup-source.html

Add the following HTML markup to it:

<html>
<head>
    <title>My first PDF from HTML</title>
</head>
<body>
    This is the body of my first PDF document made from HTML.
</body>
</html>

Save it by hitting CTRL + X to exit Nano editor, then input Y to save the changes. You can now instruct HTMLDoc to parse a PDF document from your markup-source.html file:

htmldoc --webpage -f postscript-output.pdf markup-source.html

You will now have a new file named postscript-output.pdf with a title of "My first PDF from HTML" and a body of "This is the body of my first PDF document made from HTML". Congratulations, you have learned how to turn simple HTML markup to highly transportable PostScript PDF documents.

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