Drupal is a popular open-source content management platform. In this article, we will show you how to install Drupal 7 on a Vultr server based on the One-Click LEMP application.
Deploy a One-Click LEMP app on your Vultr account. Once the app has finished installing, login as the root user. You may also login as a non-root user, but you will need to use the
sudo command throughout this tutorial.
Display the MySQL root password in the terminal, then log into MySQL using that password.
cat /root/.my.cnf mysql -u root -p
Setup a MySQL database for Drupal. Substitute the database name (
drupal) and the username/password (
mypassword) in the example below, if you would like.
create database drupal; create user 'myusername'@'localhost' identified by 'mypassword'; grant all privileges on drupal.* to 'myusername'@'localhost' identified by 'mypassword' with grant option; flush privileges; exit;
First, delete the default template files created by Vultr.
cd /usr/share/nginx/html/ rm -f background.jpg index.php logo.png
At the time of writing, the latest stable version of Drupal is 7.37. Download and unzip the Drupal package to a user-friendly directory by running the following commands.
wget http://ftp.drupal.org/files/projects/drupal-7.37.tar.gz tar --strip-components=1 -zxvf drupal-7.37.tar.gz
Remove the archive file that you just downloaded.
rm -f drupal-7.37.tar.gz
Before the installation, you need to copy the default configuration file
default.settings.php as a new file called
settings.php in the same directory. Do not simply rename the default file, because you need both files for the Drupal installation.
cp sites/default/default.settings.php sites/default/settings.php
Also, you need to add write permissions to directory
sites/default and file
sites/default/settings.php, or you will encounter a permission error.
chmod a+w sites/default chmod a+w sites/default/settings.php
http://[SERVER_IP]/ in your browser. Substitute the
[SERVER_IP] with the IP address of your VPS. Follow the on-screen instructions to configure Drupal.
On the step of "Choose profile", you can choose "Standard" to use the standard settings. If you are an experienced Drupal user, you can choose "Minimal" to customize your installation. Click the button labeled "Save and continue".
On the step of "Choose language", click "Save and continue" to use English (built-in). If you want to use a language other than English, click the "Learn how to install Drupal in other languages" link.
On the step of "Set up database", you need to input database parameters as specified below.
Remember to replace the database name
drupal, the database username
myusername, the database password
mypassword, and the table prefix
drupal_ with your own ones. Do not modify other fields.
Database type: MySQL, MariaDB, or equivalent Database name: drupal Database username: myusername Database password: mypassword Database table prefix: drupal_
On the step of "Configure site", the installation wizard will notify you to remove write permissions to directory
sites/default and file
sites/default/settings.php. Input the following commands in your terminal window:
chmod a-w sites/default chmod a-w sites/default/settings.php
Next, input the site name, site email address, administrator's username, password, and email address from your browser. Select the default country and time zone. Click "Save and continue" to proceed.
On the step of "Finished", click "Visit your new site" to finish the installation.
That's it. You have installed Drupal 7 onto your Vultr VPS.