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Apache Subversion (SVN) is a widely used version control solution which helps in storing files of various versions, like source code and documents.
In this article, I will show you how to use Apache Subversion and Apache to build an SVN server on a Vultr CentOS 7 server instance.
VM running CentOS 7 (minimal install preferred, but not required).
A sudo user for login. Another Vultr article describes the details about how to setup a sudo user.
sudo yum update sudo shutdown -r now
After the reboot, log into the system again using the same sudo user.
Install Apache using YUM:
sudo yum install httpd
Remove Apache's default welcome page:
sudo sed -i 's/^/#&/g' /etc/httpd/conf.d/welcome.conf
Prevent Apache from displaying files in the "/var/www/html" directory:
sudo sed -i "s/Options Indexes FollowSymLinks/Options FollowSymLinks/" /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
To make SVN work with Apache, you need to install an Apache module "moddavsvn" in addition to SVN:
sudo yum install subversion mod_dav_svn
sudo vi /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/10-subversion.conf
The file should read:
LoadModule dav_svn_module modules/mod_dav_svn.so LoadModule authz_svn_module modules/mod_authz_svn.so LoadModule dontdothat_module modules/mod_dontdothat.so
Append the following segment:
<Location /svn> DAV svn SVNParentPath /svn AuthName "SVN Repos" AuthType Basic AuthUserFile /etc/svn/svn-auth AuthzSVNAccessFile /svn/authz Require valid-user </Location>
Save and quit:
Note: In this configuration, we specified an HTTP access authentication file "/etc/svn/svn-auth" and a user permission control file "/svn/authz". Both of them will be created later.
sudo mkdir /svn cd /svn sudo svnadmin create repo1 sudo chown -R apache:apache repo1
Use the following commands to create an HTTP access authentication file "/svn/svn-auth" and an SVN user account "user001":
sudo mkdir /etc/svn sudo htpasswd -cm /etc/svn/svn-auth user001 sudo chown root:apache /etc/svn/svn-auth sudo chmod 640 /etc/svn/svn-auth
If you want to create more SVN user accounts, refer to the following commands:
sudo htpasswd -m /etc/svn/svn-auth user002 sudo htpasswd -m /etc/svn/svn-auth user003
Warning: Do not use the "-c" flag from now on, or you will rebuild the authentication file and erase all the user accounts you setup earlier.
sudo cp /svn/repo1/conf/authz /svn/authz sudo vi /svn/authz
User "user001" is the administrator.
User "user002" is a qualified user who owns read and write permissions to the SVN repo "repo1".
User "user003" is a trainee who can only read the contents of SVN repo "repo1".
Then you can modify the settings within as below:
[groups] admin=user001 repo1_user=user002 repo1_trainee=user003 [/] @admin=rw [repo1:/] @repo1_user=rw @repo1_trainee=r
Save and quit:
sudo systemctl start httpd.service sudo systemctl enable httpd.service
Open the HTTP service port:
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service=http sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Finally, use the following path to access the SVN repo "repo1" on your server from an SVN client:
That concludes our tutorial. Thank you for reading.