How to Install Shopware CE on Fedora 28

Published on: Fri, Nov 30, 2018 at 5:22 pm EST

Shopware is an open source eCommerce platform for online businesses. Shopware source code is hosted on Github. This guide will show you how to install Shopware Community Edition (CE) on a fresh Fedora 28 Vultr server instance.


  • PHP 5.6.4 or above with the following extensions:
    • ctype
    • curl
    • dom
    • hash
    • iconv
    • gd (with freetype and libjpeg)
    • json
    • mbstring
    • OpenSSL
    • session
    • SimpleXML
    • xml
    • zip
    • zlib
    • PDO/MySQL
  • Nginx or Apache with mod_rewrite enabled, this guide will use Nginx
  • MySQL 5.5.0 or above
  • IonCube Loader version 5.0 (optional, but recommended)

Before you begin

Check the Fedora version.

cat /etc/fedora-release
# Fedora release 28 (Twenty Eight)

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoe
usermod -aG wheel johndoe
su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo dnf check-upgrade || sudo dnf upgrade -y

Install unzip, vim, wget and curl.

sudo dnf install -y unzip vim wget curl

For simplicity, disable SELinux and Firewall.

sudo setenforce 0
sudo systemctl stop firewalld
sudo systemctl disable firewalld

Install PHP

Install PHP and required PHP extensions.

sudo dnf install -y php-cli php-fpm php-common php-mysqlnd php-curl php-json php-zip php-gd php-xml php-mbstring php-opcache

Check the PHP version.

php --version
# PHP 7.2.6 (cli) (built: May 22 2018 16:22:08) ( NTS )

Start and enable php-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl start php-fpm.service
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm.service

Install IonCube loader

Download IonCube loader.

cd /tmp && wget

Extract the loader.

tar xfz ioncube_loaders_lin_*.gz

Find the PHP extensions directory on the system by running the commands below.

php -i | grep extension_dir
# extension_dir => /usr/lib64/php/modules => /usr/lib64/php/modules

Copy the ionCube Loader into the PHP extensions directory.

sudo cp /tmp/ioncube/ /usr/lib64/php/modules

Include the loader via the PHP configuration.

sudo vim /etc/php.ini

Then add a line in the file to include ionCube loader. It can be anywhere in the file below the [PHP] line.

zend_extension = /usr/lib64/php/modules/

Save the file and restart php-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

Install MariaDB and setup database

Install MariaDB.

sudo dnf install -y mariadb-server

Check the MariaDB version.

mysql --version
# mysql  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.2.15-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1

Start and enable MariaDB.

sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Run the mysql_secure_installation script to improve the security of your MariaDB installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Log in to MariaDB as the root user.

mysql -u root -p
# Enter password:

Create a new MariaDB database and user, and remember the credentials.

GRANT ALL ON dbname.* TO 'username' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Install and configure Nginx

Install Nginx.

sudo dnf install -y nginx

Check the Nginx version.

sudo nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.12.1

Start and enable Nginx.

sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Configure Nginx. Run sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/shopware.conf and populate the file with the following configuration.

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    server_name; # Check this
    root /var/www/shopware; # Check this

    index shopware.php index.php;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /shopware.php$is_args$args;

    location /recovery/install {
      index index.php;
      try_files $uri /recovery/install/index.php$is_args$args;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include fastcgi.conf;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock; # Check this

Test the Nginx configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Install Shopware

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/shopware

Change ownership of the /var/www/shopware directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/shopware

Download the latest release of Shopware.

cd /var/www/shopware
wget -O

NOTE: Update the download URL if there is a newer release.

Change ownership of the /var/www/shopware directory to nginx.

sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/shopware

Run sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf and set the user and group to nginx. Initially, it will be set to apache.

sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
# user = nginx
# group = nginx

Create the /var/lib/php/session directory and change its ownership to user nginx.

sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/php/session && sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/lib/php/session

Increase memory_limit = 256M and upload_max_filesize = 6M, and set allow_url_fopen = On if it is not already set in /etc/php.ini.

sudo vim /etc/php.ini

After making changes in /etc/php.ini, restart php-fpm.service

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

Open your domain/IP in the web browser and follow the installation wizard. The backend of Shopware is located at /backend.

You have successfully installed Shopware. Enjoy your new online shop.