How to Install PyroCMS on Fedora 28

Published on: Fri, Oct 5, 2018 at 5:05 pm EST
CMS Fedora Linux Guides PHP Server Apps

PyroCMS is an open source CMS written in PHP. PyroCMS source code is hosted on GitHub. In this guide we'll walk through the entire PyroCMS installation process on a Fedora 28 Vultr server instance.

Requirements

Before you can install PyroCMS on a server, there are a few requirements that need to be met.

  • At least 1GB of RAM
  • A LEMP or LAMP stack, in this guide we'll be using Nginx
  • PHP version 7.0 or greater
  • The following PHP extensions:
    • PDO
    • cURL
    • SQLite
    • OpenSSL
    • Mbstring
    • Fileinfo
    • Tokenizer
    • GD Library version 2.0 or greater; or Imagick version 6.5.7 or greater

Before you begin

Check the OS version.

cat /etc/fedora-release
# Fedora release 28 (Twenty Eight)

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoe
usermod -aG wheel johndoe
su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo dnf check-upgrade || sudo dnf upgrade -y

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'

Install required and useful packages.

sudo dnf install -y wget vim unzip bash-completion

For simplicity, disable SELinux and Firewall.

sudo setenforce 0
sudo systemctl stop firewalld
sudo systemctl disable firewalld

Install PHP and required extensions

Download and install PHP and required PHP extensions.

sudo dnf install -y php-cli php-fpm php-mysqlnd php-curl php-sqlite3 php-mbstring php-gd php-xml php-json

Check the PHP version.

php --version
# PHP 7.2.6 (cli) (built: May 22 2018 16:22:08) ( NTS )

Enable and start php-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl start php-fpm.service
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm.service

Install MySQL/MariaDB and create a database

Download and install MariaDB.

sudo dnf install -y mariadb-server

Check the MariaDB version.

mysql --version

Start and enable MariaDB.

sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service

Run the mysql_secure_installation script to improve the security of your MariaDB installation.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Log into MariaDB as the root user.

mysql -u root -p
# Enter password:

Create a new MariaDB database and user, and remember the credentials.

create database dbname;
grant all on dbname.* to 'username' identified by 'password';
flush privileges;

Exit MySQL.

exit

Install and configure Nginx

Install Nginx.

sudo dnf install -y nginx

Check the Nginx version.

nginx -v

Start and enable Nginx.

sudo systemctl enable nginx.service
sudo systemctl start nginx.service

Configure Nginx as a FastCGI proxy. Run sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/pyro.conf and populate it with the following text.

server {
  listen 80;

  server_name example.com; # Check this
  root /var/www/pyro/public; # Check this

  index index.php index.html;
  charset utf-8;

  location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
  }

  location ~ \.php$ {
    fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock; # Check this
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params;
  }
}

NOTE: Make sure to point the web root to Pyro's public directory.

Test the Nginx configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Download and install Composer

Download the Composer dependencies.

sudo dnf install -y curl git unzip

Download and install Composer, the dependency manager for PHP.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"
php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === '544e09ee996cdf60ece3804abc52599c22b1f40f4323403c44d44fdfdd586475ca9813a858088ffbc1f233e9b180f061') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"
php composer-setup.php
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"
sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Check the Composer version.

composer --version
# Composer version 1.6.5 2018-05-04 11:44:59

Download and install PyroCMS via Composer

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/pyro

Change the ownership of the /var/www/pyro directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/pyro

Download the latest stable release of PyroCMS from the command line.

cd /var/www/pyro
composer create-project pyrocms/pyrocms .

NOTE: You may run out of memory when installing Pyro via Composer. It may be wise to stop Nginx, PHP-FPM and MariaDB with sudo systemctl stop nginx.service php-fpm.service mariadb.service to save on memory usage and start them again after this step. If that doesn't help you to avoid errors with Composer, then you'll need to setup Swap.

Change the ownership of the /var/www/pyro directory to nginx.

sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/pyro

Run sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf and set the user and group to nginx.

sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

# user = nginx
# group = nginx

Restart the php-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

Using your preferred web browser, open your site and follow the PyroCMS installer. After following the installer you will have PyroCMS up and running. To access the PyroCMS admin area, append /admin to your site URL.

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