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Author: Humphrey MpairweLast Updated: Thu, Aug 4, 2022
Parrot OS is a free and open-source Debian-based desktop Linux distribution designed for developers, IT security experts, system administrators, and privacy-centric users. It's best known as an alternative to Kali Linux, and offers a wide range of security and digital forensic tools available through the default Mate desktop environment. This article explains how to install Parrot OS on a Vultr server instance and set up remote access.
This article uses the example IP address
192.0.2.1 and username
example-user. Replace these with your values.
By default, Parrot OS uses the Mate desktop environment. Install Mate along with a desktop display manager such as
lightdm in the following steps.
Install the Mate desktop environment.
$ sudo apt install mate-desktop-environment -y
Install the Lightdm display manager.
$ sudo apt install lightdm lightdm-gtk-greeter -y
$ sudo systemctl start lightdm
Confirm that Lightdm is up and running.
$ sudo systemctl status lightdm
Change the default server environment from terminal to desktop.
$ sudo systemctl set-default graphical.target
Restart the server to save changes.
$ sudo reboot
NoMachine for Linux DEB amd64package.
Navigate to the directory you saved the download file, usually your Downloads folder.
$ cd ~/Downloads
Upload the NoMachine package to the server using Secure Copy.
$ scp nomachine_<version>_amd64.deb email@example.com:~/
Enter your server password when prompted.
When the upload is complete, SSH to the Debian server as your non-root user.
$ ssh firstname.lastname@example.org
Install the NoMachine package.
$ sudo apt install ./nomachine_<version>_amd64.deb
Configure the firewall to allow NoMachine connections.
$ sudo ufw allow 4000/tcp
Restart the Firewall.
$ sudo ufw reload
On the Machines page, click Add.
Enter a Name (label) for your connection, enter your Debian server IP address in the Host: field, and keep
4000 as the Port,
NX as the protocol.
Click Connect to establish a connection, and accept the server certificate fingerprint.
In the terminal window, update the server.
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install git -y
Clone the Parrot OS repository.
$ git clone https://nest.parrotsec.org/build/alternate-install.git
Switch to the
$ cd alternate-install
Add execution privileges on the
$ sudo chmod +x parrot-install.sh
Run the script.
$ sudo ./parrot-install.sh
Select your desired Parrot OS edition. This guide uses the Security edition (option 3).
Choose your edition. ********************************************* Welcome to Parrot On-Debian Installer Script rev 0.3 - 2020-03-19 ** 1) Install Core Only ** 2) Install Headless Edition ** 3) Install Security Edition ** 4) Install Home Edition ** 5) Install Embedded Edition ********************************************* Please enter a menu option and enter or enter to exit.
Enter N (case-sensitive) when prompted about the
Accept the following prompt. Enter N for No (it works) Configuration file '/etc/apt/sources.list.d/parrot.list' ==> File on system created by you or by a script. ==> File also in package provided by package maintainer. What would you like to do about it ? Your options are: Y or I : install the package maintainer's version N or O : keep your currently-installed version D : show the differences between the versions Z : start a shell to examine the situation The default action is to keep your current version. *** parrot.list (Y/I/N/O/D/Z) [default=N] ?
The Parrot OS installation starts and takes about 20 minutes to complete. If you receive any errors during the download process, run the script again.
During installation, additional prompts for
Wireshark pop up, press enter to use the default options for each of the configurations.
When the installation is complete, check your Linux distribution information with the following command.
$ cat /etc/*release
PRETTY_NAME="Parrot OS 5.0 (Electro Ara)" NAME="Parrot OS" VERSION_ID="5.0" VERSION="5.0 (Electro Ara)" VERSION_CODENAME=ara ID=parrot ID_LIKE=debian HOME_URL="https://www.parrotsec.org/" SUPPORT_URL="https://community.parrotsec.org/" BUG_REPORT_URL="https://community.parrotsec.org/"
Restart the Server to boot into the new Parrot OS system.
$ sudo reboot
Confirm your Parrot OS version.
$ cat /etc/issue
Update Parrot OS packages.
$ sudo apt update
Install Parrot Core.
$ sudo apt install parrot-core
Upgrade Parrot OS.
$ sudo parrot-upgrade
The command upgrades all existing server packages and the base Parrot OS system to the latest version. Follow the upgrade process and reply to any prompts until completion.
Reboot the server.
$ sudo reboot
You have successfully upgraded to the latest Parrot OS release. Access your Parrot OS desktop and navigate to System Information, or run
$ cat /etc/issue in the terminal to verify your new Parrot OS version.
You have successfully installed Parrot OS on a Vultr Instance. For more information and configuration options, please visit the official Parrot OS documentation.