How to Install GoAccess on CentOS 7

Published on: Fri, Aug 4, 2017 at 12:34 pm EST

GoAccess is an open source web log analyzer. You can use it for analysis of logs on a real-time basis in either the terminal or a web browser. It processes many types of web access logs. It allows you to generate reports in HTML, JSON, and CSV format.

In this tutorial, we will install the latest version of GoAccess on CentOS 7.

Prerequisites

  • A Vultr CentOS 7 server instance (64-bit).
  • A sudo user.

Step 1: Perform a system update

Before installing any packages on the CentOS server instance, it is recommended to update the system. Log in using the sudo user and run the following commands to update the system.

sudo yum -y install epel-release
sudo yum -y update
sudo shutdown -r now

Once the system has finished rebooting, log in again as the sudo user and proceed to the next step.

Step 2: Install dependencies

GoAccess is written in the C programming language. Hence, the only required dependency is the ncurses library and gcc. To install the ncurses and gcc, run:

sudo yum -y install ncurses-devel gcc

Install the optional packages by typing:

sudo yum -y install geoip-devel tokyocabinet-devel

Step 3: Install GoAccess

Download the GoAccess tarball by running:

wget http://tar.goaccess.io/goaccess-1.2.tar.gz

You can find the latest version of GoAccess on the official download page.

Extract the tarball.

tar -xzvf goaccess-1.2.tar.gz

Configure and install the package.

cd goaccess-1.2
sudo ./configure --enable-utf8 --enable-geoip=legacy
sudo make
sudo make install

Create a soft link of goaccess in the /usr/bin directory by running:

sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/goaccess /usr/bin/goaccess

GoAccess is now installed on your server.

Step 4: Using GoAccess

GoAccess is a web log analyzer. If you do not have a web server running, install the Apache web server.

sudo yum -y install httpd

Start and enable the web server to run at boot time.

sudo systemctl start httpd
sudo systemctl enable httpd

Allow the required HTTP port through the system firewall.

sudo firewall-cmd --add-service=http --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Now you can access the web server using http://Vultr_Server_IP. Upon accessing the web page, Apache will add some log entries in the default access_log file. The path to the log file on CentOS 7 is /var/log/httpd/access_log.

To analyze the log using GoAccess from a terminal, type:

sudo goaccess /var/log/httpd/access_log --log-format=COMBINED

The program will show you the generated report after analyzing the log file. An example report looks like the one shown below.

 Dashboard - Overall Analyzed Requests (29/Jun/2017 - 29/Jun/2017)                               [Active Panel: Visitors]

  Total Requests  16 Unique Visitors  1  Unique Files 1 Referrers 0
  Valid Requests  16 Init. Proc. Time 0s Static Files 4 Log Size  3.92 KiB
  Failed Requests 0  Excl. IP Hits    0  Unique 404   6 Bandwidth 41.82 KiB
  Log Source      /var/log/httpd/access_log

 > 1 - Unique visitors per day - Including spiders                                                            Total: 1/1

 Hits      h% Vis.      v%   Bandwidth Data
 ---- ------- ---- ------- ----------- ----
 16   100.00%    1 100.00%   41.82 KiB 29/Jun/2017 |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||







   2 - Requested Files (URLs)                                                                                 Total: 1/1

 Hits      h% Vis.    v%   Bandwidth Mtd Proto    Data
 ---- ------- ---- ----- ----------- --- -------- ----
 2    100.00%    0 0.00%    9.56 KiB GET HTTP/1.1 /







   3 - Static Requests                                                                                        Total: 4/4

 Hits     h% Vis.     v%   Bandwidth Mtd Proto    Data
 ---- ------ ---- ------ ----------- --- -------- ----
 [?] Help [Enter] Exp. Panel  0 - Thu Jun 29 10:20:31 2017                                           [Q]uit GoAccess 1.2

To generate an HTML report, type:

sudo goaccess /var/log/httpd/access_log --log-format=COMBINED -a -o /var/www/html/report.html

Open your web browser and navigate to the URL http://Vultr_Server_IP/report.html using your favorite web browser. The browser will show you many types of statistics using interactive graphs.