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How to Install Gitea on Fedora 29

Last Updated: Fri, Feb 8, 2019
Fedora Linux Guides Programming Server Apps
Archived content

This article is outdated and may not work correctly for current operating systems or software.

Gitea is an alternative open source, self-hosted version control system powered by Git. Gitea is written in Golang and is a lightweight solution to be hosted on any platform.

Prerequisites

  • New Vultr Fedora 29 instance.
  • Root user or non-root user with sudo privileges.
  • Git
  • MariaDB

Install Git

First, update your system.

sudo dnf update

Install Git.

sudo dnf -y install git

Install MariaDB Database Server

Gitea supports the following databases servers.

  • MariaDB/MySQL
  • PostgreSQL
  • SQLite
  • TiDB

For this tutorial we will be using the MariaDB server.

sudo dnf -y install mariadb-server

Once complete, make sure MariaDB is enabled and running.

systemctl enable mariadb.service
systemctl start mariadb.service

After that, run the command below to secure the MariaDB server by creating a root password and disallowing remote root access.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When prompted, answer the questions below by following the guide.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): Just press the Enter
Set root password? [Y/n]: Y
New password: Enter password
Re-enter new password: Repeat password
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]: Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]: Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]:  Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]:  Y

Restart MariaDB.

sudo systemctl restart mariadb.service

Login to the MariaDB console.

sudo mysql -u root -p

Then type the password you created above to login. You will see the MariaDB welcome message.

Create a database called gitea.

CREATE DATABASE gitea;

Create a database user called giteauser with a new password.

CREATE USER 'giteauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';

Make sure you replace new_password_here with a strong and complex password.

Then grant the user full access to the database.

GRANT ALL ON gitea.* TO 'giteauser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'user_password_here' WITH GRANT OPTION;

Finally, save your changes and exit.

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Prepare the Gitea Environment

Create a user to run Gitea.

sudo adduser --system --shell /bin/bash --comment 'Git Version Control' --user-group --home-dir /home/git -m git

Create the required directory structure.

sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/gitea/{custom,data,indexers,public,log}
sudo chown git:git /var/lib/gitea/{data,indexers,log}
sudo chmod 750 /var/lib/gitea/{data,indexers,log}
sudo mkdir /etc/gitea
sudo chown root:git /etc/gitea
sudo chmod 770 /etc/gitea

Install Gitea

Download the Gitea binary using the method on the official distribution page.

Copy the binary to a global location.

sudo cp gitea /usr/local/bin/gitea

Create a service file to start Gitea automatically

Create a linux service file.

sudo touch /etc/systemd/system/gitea.service

Using a text editor of your choice, open this newly create file and populate it with the following.

[Unit]
Description=Gitea (Git with a cup of tea)
After=network.target
After=mariadb.service

[Service]
# Modify these two values and uncomment them if you have
# repos with lots of files and get an HTTP error 500 because
# of that
###
#LimitMEMLOCK=infinity
#LimitNOFILE=65535
RestartSec=2s
Type=simple
User=git
Group=git
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/gitea/
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/gitea web -c /etc/gitea/app.ini
Restart=always
Environment=USER=git HOME=/home/git GITEA_WORK_DIR=/var/lib/gitea
# If you want to bind Gitea to a port below 1024 uncomment
# the two values below
###
#CapabilityBoundingSet=CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE
#AmbientCapabilities=CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Enable and start Gitea at boot.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable gitea
sudo systemctl start gitea

Ensure Gitea is running.

sudo systemctl status gitea

Enable traffic to Gitea's default port in firewalld:

sudo firewall-cmd --add-port 3000/tcp --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload 

Finally, open a web browser and point it to:

http://YOUR_SERVER_IP:3000/install

Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the Gitea setup.

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