How to Install DokuWiki on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Published on: Fri, Jun 22, 2018 at 11:15 am EST
Linux Guides Server Apps Ubuntu

DokuWiki is an open source wiki program written in PHP that doesn't require a database. It stores data in text files. DokuWiki source code is publicly hosted on GitHub. This guide will show you how to install DokuWiki on a fresh Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Vultr instance.

Requirements

  • Web server software supporting PHP (Apache, NGINX, IIS, Lighttpd, LiteSpeed)
  • PHP version 5.6 or later, newer versions are highly recommended. (This guide will use PHP 7.0)

Before you Begin

Check the Ubuntu version.

lsb_release -ds
# Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

adduser johndoe --gecos "John Doe"
usermod -aG sudo johndoe
su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone Region/City

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Step 1 - Install PHP and PHP extensions

Install PHP 7.0 and required PHP extensions.

sudo apt install -y php7.0 php7.0-cli php7.0-fpm php7.0-gd php7.0-xml php7.0-zip

Check PHP version.

php --version

# PHP 7.0.28-0ubuntu0.16.04.1 (cli) ( NTS )
# Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group
# Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies
#     with Zend OPcache v7.0.28-0ubuntu0.16.04.1, Copyright (c) 1999-2017, by Zend Technologies

Step 2 - Install and configure NGINX

DokuWiki will run on any web server that supports PHP. In this tutorial we will use NGINX. If you prefer Apache or another web server, you can use that instead of NGINX.

Install NGINX.

sudo apt install -y nginx

Check NGINX version.

sudo nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.10.3 (Ubuntu)

Configure NGINX.

sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/dokuwiki.conf

Copy/paste the following NGINX cofiguration and save it.

server {
    listen [::]:80;
    listen 80;

    server_name wiki.example.com; # Replace with your hostname
    root /var/www/dokuwiki;
    index index.html index.htm index.php doku.php;

    client_max_body_size 15M;
    client_body_buffer_size 128K;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ @dokuwiki;
    }

    location ^~ /conf/ { return 403; }
    location ^~ /data/ { return 403; }
    location ~ /\.ht { deny all; }

    location @dokuwiki {
        rewrite ^/_media/(.*) /lib/exe/fetch.php?media=$1 last;
        rewrite ^/_detail/(.*) /lib/exe/detail.php?media=$1 last;
        rewrite ^/_export/([^/]+)/(.*) /doku.php?do=export_$1&id=$2 last;
        rewrite ^/(.*) /doku.php?id=$1 last;
    }
    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    }
}

Activate the new dokuwiki.conf configuration by linking the file to the sites-enabled directory.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/dokuwiki.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

Check NGINX configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload NGINX.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Step 3 - Install DokuWiki

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/dokuwiki

Change ownership of the /var/www/dokuwiki directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/dokuwiki

Navigate to the document root.

cd /var/www/dokuwiki

Download the newest stable release of DokuWiki from the DokuWiki download page.

wget https://download.dokuwiki.org/src/dokuwiki/dokuwiki-stable.tgz

Unpack the DokuWiki tarball.

tar xvf dokuwiki-stable.tgz
rm dokuwiki-stable.tgz
mv dokuwiki-2017-02-19e/* . && mv dokuwiki-2017-02-19e/.* .
rmdir dokuwiki-2017-02-19e/

Change ownership of the /var/www/dokuwiki directory to www-data.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/dokuwiki

Restart php7.0-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl restart php7.0-fpm.service

Open the DokuWiki setup script, install.php, in your browser and setup DokuWiki. The setup script checks for the availability of required PHP functions and checks for needed file permissions. It also creates an initial administrator account and an initial ACL policy. To run the installer, open http://wiki.example.com/install.php in the browser and follow the instructions.

After a successful configuration, delete the install.php file from DokuWiki root directory.

sudo rm /var/www/dokuwiki/install.php

Your DokuWiki has been installed and you can now access and edit a functional wiki at http://wiki.example.com/.

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