How to Install DokuWiki on CentOS 7

Published on: Fri, Jun 22, 2018 at 11:15 am EST
CentOS Linux Guides Server Apps

DokuWiki is an open source wiki software written in PHP that doesn't require a database. It stores data in text files. DokuWiki source code is publicly hosted on GitHub. This guide will show you how to install DokuWiki on a fresh CentOS 7 Vultr instance.

Requirements

Make sure your server meets the following requirements.

  • Web server software that supports PHP (Apache, Nginx, IIS, Lighttpd, LiteSpeed)
  • PHP version 5.6 or later

Before you Begin

Check the CentOS version.

cat /etc/centos-release
# CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core)

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoe
usermod -aG wheel johndoe
su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo yum update -y

Install required and useful packages.

sudo yum install -y wget vim bash-completion

Disable SELinux.

sudo setenforce 0

Step 1 - Install PHP and PHP extensions

In this tutorial, we will use PHP 7.1 which is not available in the default CentOS repositories, so you will need to use a third-party repository, such as Webtatic. Follow this Vultr article to install PHP 7 before continuing with this article.

Install PHP 7.1 and required PHP extensions.

sudo yum install -y php71w php71w-cli php71w-fpm php71w-gd php71w-xml php71w-zip

Check the version.

php --version

# PHP 7.1.14 (cli) (built: Feb  4 2018 09:05:29) ( NTS )
# Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
# Zend Engine v3.1.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies

Start and enable PHP-FPM.

sudo systemctl start php-fpm.service
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm.service

Step 2 - Install and configure Nginx

If you prefer Apache or another popular web server, you can use one of those instead of Nginx.

Install Nginx.

sudo yum install -y nginx

Check the version.

nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.12.2

Start and enable Nginx.

sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Configure Nginx.

sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/dokuwiki.conf

Copy/paste the following Nginx cofiguration and save it.

server {
    listen [::]:80;
    listen 80;

    server_name wiki.example.com; # Replace with your hostname
    root /var/www/dokuwiki;
    index index.html index.htm index.php doku.php;

    client_max_body_size 15M;
    client_body_buffer_size 128K;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ @dokuwiki;
    }

    location ^~ /conf/ { return 403; }
    location ^~ /data/ { return 403; }
    location ~ /\.ht { deny all; }

    location @dokuwiki {
        rewrite ^/_media/(.*) /lib/exe/fetch.php?media=$1 last;
        rewrite ^/_detail/(.*) /lib/exe/detail.php?media=$1 last;
        rewrite ^/_export/([^/]+)/(.*) /doku.php?do=export_$1&id=$2 last;
        rewrite ^/(.*) /doku.php?id=$1 last;
    }
    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    }
}

Check the configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Step 3 - Install DokuWiki

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/dokuwiki

Change ownership of the /var/www/dokuwiki directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/dokuwiki

Navigate to the document root.

cd /var/www/dokuwiki

Download the newest stable release of DokuWiki from the DokuWiki download page.

wget https://download.dokuwiki.org/src/dokuwiki/dokuwiki-stable.tgz

Unpack the DokuWiki tarball.

tar xvf dokuwiki-stable.tgz
rm dokuwiki-stable.tgz
mv dokuwiki-2017-02-19e/* . && mv dokuwiki-2017-02-19e/.* .
rmdir dokuwiki-2017-02-19e/

Change ownership of the /var/www/dokuwiki directory to nginx.

sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/dokuwiki

Run sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf and set the user and group to nginx.

sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
# user = nginx
# group = nginx

Restart php-fpm.service.

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

As the last step, run the DokuWiki setup script install.php in your browser and setup DokuWiki. The script checks for the availability of required PHP functions and checks for needed file permissions. It also creates an initial administrator account and an initial ACL policy. To run the installer, open http://wiki.example.com/install.php in the browser and follow the instructions.

Upon successful configuration, delete the install.php file from the DokuWiki root directory.

sudo rm /var/www/dokuwiki/install.php

Congratulations, DokuWiki is installed and you will be able to access and edit a functional wiki at http://wiki.example.com/. Enjoy your new DokuWiki installation.

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