How to Install Cachet on CentOS 7

Published on: Fri, Feb 22, 2019 at 1:15 pm EST
CentOS Linux Guides PHP Server Apps

Cachet is an open source status page system written in PHP. Cachet source code is hosted on this Github repo. In this article we will go over the Cachet installation process on CentOS 7 using a PHP, MariaDB and Nginx software stack.

Requirements

  • Git
  • PHP version 5.5.9 or greater
  • HTTP server with PHP support. This guide will use Nginx.
  • A supported database: MySQL/MariaDB, PostgreSQL or SQLite. This guide will use MariaDB.
  • Composer

Before you begin

Check the CentOS version.

cat /etc/centos-release
# CentOS Linux release 7.5.1804 (Core)

Create a new non-root user account with sudo access and switch to it.

useradd -c "John Doe" johndoe && passwd johndoe
usermod -aG wheel johndoe
su - johndoe

NOTE: Replace johndoe with your username.

Set up the timezone.

timedatectl list-timezones
sudo timedatectl set-timezone 'Region/City'

Ensure that your system is up to date.

sudo yum update -y

Install necessary packages.

sudo yum install -y wget curl vim git

For simplicity, disable SELinux and Firewall.

sudo setenforce 0
sudo systemctl stop firewalld
sudo systemctl disable firewalld

Install PHP and required PHP extensions

Setup the Webtatic YUM repo.

sudo rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm

Install PHP and required PHP extensions.

sudo yum install -y php70w php70w-cli php70w-fpm php70w-common php70w-xml php70w-gd php70w-zip php70w-mbstring php70w-mysql php70w-pgsql php70w-sqlite3 php70w-mcrypt php70w-apc

Check the version.

php --version
# PHP 7.0.30 (cli) (built: Apr 28 2018 08:14:08) ( NTS )

Start and enable PHP-FPM.

sudo systemctl start php-fpm.service
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm.service

Install MariaDB and create a database

Setup the MariDB repo. Run sudo vi /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo and populate it with the following.

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = https://yum.mariadb.org/10.2/centos7-amd64
gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck=1

Install MariaDB database server.

sudo yum install -y MariaDB-server MariaDB-client

Check the version.

mysql --version
# mysql  Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.2.16-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1

Start and enable MariaDB.

sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service

Run mysql_secure_installation to improve security and set the password for the MariaDB root user.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Connect to the MariaDB shell as the root user.

mysql -u root -p
# Enter password:

Create an empty MariaDB database and user for Cachet, and remember the credentials.

CREATE DATABASE dbname;
GRANT ALL ON dbname.* TO 'username' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT

Install and configure Nginx

Install Nginx.

sudo yum install -y nginx

Check the version.

nginx -v
# nginx version: nginx/1.12.2

Start and enable Nginx.

sudo systemctl start nginx.service
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service

Configure Nginx. Run sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/cachet.conf and populate the file with the following configuration.

server {
  listen 80;
  listen [::]:80;

  server_name status.example.com; # Check this
  root /var/www/cachet/public; # Check this

  index index.php;

  location / {
    try_files $uri /index.php$is_args$args;
  }

  location ~ \.php$ {
    include fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; # Check this
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_keep_conn on;
  }
}

Test the configuration.

sudo nginx -t

Reload Nginx.

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Install Composer

Install Composer globally.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"
php -r "if (hash_file('SHA384', 'composer-setup.php') === '544e09ee996cdf60ece3804abc52599c22b1f40f4323403c44d44fdfdd586475ca9813a858088ffbc1f233e9b180f061') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"
php composer-setup.php
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"
sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Check the version.

composer --version
# Composer version 1.6.5 2018-05-04 11:44:59

Install Cachet

Create a document root directory.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/cachet

Change ownership of the /var/www/cachet directory to johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/cachet

Download the Cachet source code with Git and checkout the latest tagged release.

cd /var/www/cachet
git clone https://github.com/cachethq/Cachet.git .
git tag -l
git checkout v2.3.15

Copy .env.example to .env file and configure the database and APP_URL settings in .env.

cp .env.example .env
vim .env

Install dependencies with composer.

composer install --no-dev -o

Set the application key.

php artisan key:generate

Install Cachet.

php artisan app:install

Change ownership of the /var/www/cachet directory to nginx.

sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /var/www/cachet

Run sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf and set the user and group to nginx. Initially, it will be set to apache.

sudo vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
# user = nginx
# group = nginx

Restart PHP-FPM.

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm.service

Open your site in a web browser and follow the instructions on the screen to finish Cachet installation. To access the Cachet dashboard append /dashboard to your website URL.

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