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Backdrop CMS is an open-source content management system (CMS) that allows web designers to develop websites without any sophisticated coding. The CMS offers a simple, flexible, and mobile-friendly design that makes it easy to work with, it supports integrated Add-on installations, a robust API, among other features.
In this guide, you will install Backdrop CMS on a Fedora 35 Vultr Server.
Create the backdrop cms database.
create database backdrop;
Then, create a new database user with a strong password.
CREATE USER `user`@`localhost` IDENTIFIED BY 'Very-Strong-Password';
Allow the user to read, and write to the database with full privileges.
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON backdrop.* TO 'user'@'localhost';
Flush MySQL Privileges.
By default, Apache is installed on Fedora 35 as
httpd. Configure it to serve web files using the following commands:
/var/www/, create the directory to store Backdrop CMS files.
$ sudo mkdir /var/www/backdrop
Then, create a new Apache virtual host configuration file.
$ sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/backdrop.conf
Paste the following configuration lines.
<VirtualHost example.com:80> ServerAdmin email@example.com DocumentRoot /var/www/backdrop ServerName example.com:80 ErrorLog logs/example.com-error_log CustomLog logs/example.com-access_log common </VirtualHost>
Save the file.
Check for any syntax errors in the configuration files.
$ sudo httpd -S
Restart Apache for changes to take effect.
$ sudo systemctl restart httpd
Download the latest Backdrop CMS from its Github repository, in this guide, we install version 1.12, consider checking for the latest file.
$ wget https://github.com/backdrop/backdrop/releases/download/1.21.1/backdrop.zip
Uncompress the zip archive.
$ unzip backdrop.zip
Then, move all extracted files to the Backdrop CMS webroot directory.
$ sudo mv backdrop/* /var/www/backdrop/
Change ownership of the Backdrop directory to the user
apache to avoid any permissions errors.
$ sudo chown -R apache.apache /var/www/backdrop/
Backdrop CMS uses two ports to communicate to the server, HTTP port
80, and HTTPS port
443 if you have an SSL certificate installed on the server.
Open the HTTP, and HTTPS Firewall ports.
$ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=80/tcp $ sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=443/tcp
Then, reload the firewall to apply changes.
$ firewall-cmd --reload
By default, SELinux is set to
enforcing on Fedora 35, and this affects the webserver performance. Disable it using the procedure below.
Edit the file
$ sudo nano /etc/sysconfig/selinux
Locate and set the SELinux line to:
Save the file.
Then, restart the server for changes to load.
$ sudo reboot
$ systemctl start httpd
Now that all Backdrop CMS are available, and the webserver is well configured. Visit your Vultr Server IP address or domain in a web browser.
Complete your Backdrop CMS configuration by selecting a language, then, enter the database information created on Step 1 of this guide. Then, give your website a title, and set up the administrator username, email, and password. Click
Save and Continue to complete the setup process, then, login to the main Backdrop CMS dashboard.
Congratulations, you have successfully installed Backdrop CMS on a Fedora 35 server. For further information on configuring and designing your websites on the platform, visit the Backdrop User Guide.