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How to Install Apache Maven on Ubuntu 16.04

Last Updated: Fri, Mar 10, 2017
Java Linux Guides Server Apps Ubuntu

Introduction

Apache Maven is a free and open-source project management tool used for Java projects. You can easily manage a project's build, reporting, and documentation from a central piece of information using Apache Maven. Apache Maven provides a complete framework to automate the project's build infrastructure.

In this tutorial, you will learn how to install Apache Maven on Ubuntu 16.04.

Prerequisites

1. Install Java

Apache Maven requires Java, and Java is not available in Ubuntu's repository by default. Add the Oracle Java PPA to apt with the following command:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java

Next, update your apt package database with the following command:

$ sudo apt-get update -y

Install the latest stable version of Oracle Java 8.

$ sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify the Java version by running the following command:

$ java -version

Output:

java version "1.8.0_91"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_91-b14)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.91-b14, mixed mode)

2. Install Apache Maven

This example shows version 3.6.3. Substitute the download URL for the most recent version of Apache Maven from the official website. Choose the "Binary tar.gz archive".

$ cd /opt/
$ wget http://apache.mirrors.pair.com/maven/maven-3/3.6.3/binaries/apache-maven-3.6.3-bin.tar.gz

Once the download has completed, extract the downloaded archive.

$ sudo tar -xvzf apache-maven-3.6.3-bin.tar.gz

Next, rename the extracted directory.

$ sudo mv apache-maven-3.6.3 maven 

3. Set Up Environment Variables

Set up the environment variables M2_HOME and PATH by creating mavenenv.sh in /etc/profile.d/.

$ sudo nano /etc/profile.d/mavenenv.sh

Add the following lines:

$ export M2_HOME=/opt/maven
$ export PATH=${M2_HOME}/bin:${PATH}

Save and close the file, update its permissions, then load the environment.

$ sudo chmod +x /etc/profile.d/mavenenv.sh
$ source /etc/profile.d/mavenenv.sh

4. Verify installation

Check the version of the Apache Maven.

$ mvn --version

The output will be similar to this, depending on your version.

Apache Maven 3.3.9 (bb52d8502b132ec0a5a3f4c09453c07478323dc5; 2015-11-10T22:11:47+05:30)
Maven home: /opt/maven
Java version: 1.8.0_101, vendor: Oracle Corporation
Java home: /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/jre
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: ANSI_X3.4-1968
OS name: "linux", version: "3.13.0-32-generic", arch: "amd64", family: "unix"

You have successfully installed Apache Maven on Ubuntu 16.04.

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