Converting from MySQL to MariaDB on Ubuntu

Published on: Mon, May 25, 2015 at 5:40 pm EST
Linux Guides MySQL and MariaDB Ubuntu

This guide is intended to help you with converting a MySQL server to a MariaDB server. In addition, we will be resolving unmet dependencies that may happen during the conversion process. These steps are written to work for Ubuntu Server.

Requirements

  • A Vultr VPS running any version of Ubuntu. This article uses 14.04, but other versions should work.
  • MySQL already installed and running.
  • Knowledge of SSH, some Linux commands.

Remove MySQL

You'll be running several commands, one after the other before we move on with installing MariaDB.

Run these commands as root or use sudo. This guide assumes that you're running as root.

service mysql stop
apt-get remove mysql-server mysql-common libmysqlclient18

Install MariaDB

Run the following commands as root or use sudo.

apt-get install software-properties-common

Add the MariaDB repository keys.

sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 0xcbcb082a1bb943db

Add the MariaDB repository to your server.

sudo add-apt-repository 'deb http://ftp.utexas.edu/mariadb/repo/10.0/ubuntu trusty main'

Finally, install MariaDB.

apt-get install mariadb-server libmariadbclient18

Handling unmet dependencies

The MariaDB installer may fail with an error similar to the following.

mariadb-server : Depends: mariadb-server-10.0 (specific version) but it is not going to be installed.

This can be frustrating. You will need to install all of the dependencies. The most difficult to resolve is "libstdc++6 version 4.9". We will work around these with the following steps.

  • Add g++ repository to the server to resolve libstdc++6 dependency.
  • MariaDB repository pinning to prevent dependency issues and conflicts.

Add the g++ repository

add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test
apt-get update
apt-get install g++-4.9

Pin the MariaDB repository

This is done by creating a file with MariaDB.pref in /etc/apt/preferences.d/ with the following contents:

Package: *
Pin: origin <mirror-domain>
Pin-Priority: 1000

Replace <mirror-domain> with the mirror shown when accessing the MariaDB Repositories Selection page.

In my case, I chose the "University of Texas". After updating it, the file now has this content:

Package: *
Pin: origin http://ftp.utexas.edu/mariadb/repo/10.0/ubuntu
Pin-Priority: 1000

Save the file, update your system.

apt-get update

The dependency issues will now be resolved. If you are running 12.04, note that there have been reports that g++ was excluded on this version.

Install MariaDB again.

apt-get install mariadb-server

Test your Maria DB installation.

service mysql start
mysql -u root -p

You'll see similar output to the following.

Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is XXXX
Server version: 10.0.X


Copyright (c) 2000, 2014, Oracle, Monty Program Ab and others.


Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
MariaDB [(none)]>

Congratulations, you've successfully migrated from MySQL to MariaDB on Ubuntu!

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